Fun Origami exercise led by Professor Ellen Do.
Today I formally learned about how hospitals work, the specifics and the differences about what happens in Inpatient care vs Outpatient care, what is considered the medical process, and what is usually done in the ICU. I was struck by some of the similarities in challenges (eg. lighting, visibility, communication, security, supplies, etc) and differences (eg. medications, infections and family) that ICUs share with other office spaces that I have studied in the past.
Evidence Based Design was introduced. An example that I remember from class is the big difference in the patients' perception of pain following surgical procedure, depending on whether they had a view of nature from their window in the recovery room or a view of a brick wall. I was also astonished to learn that only about 15-30% of physicians are diligently washing their hands between seeing patients while the lack of it is estimated to kill about 100,000 people every year in the United States!
I learned about the MANY different types of ICUs and examples of equipments found in each. We also talked about the different processes that constitute care in the ICU. Dr. Ackerman talked about how over time, experienced doctors are able to do a large percentage of their diagnosis visually, before even having any physical contact with or carrying out physical tests on patients. Apparently, some can even tell a lot about a patient's condition just by using their olfactory system.
Lots of interesting presentations in class today. The semi-strict time limit really forces one to pick what they think is the most important to talk about.
Human-Centered Design is a concept that applies and should be employed across all disciplines that are involved with designing, building or even evaluating technology with which humans interact. Before a design is implemented, we must first take into account; who, what, where, when, how and why the technology is needed. We can do this, for example, by observing areas where people are creating workarounds for some processes that involve interacting with the technology. A good model to emulate when incorporating Human-Centered Design into our process is as follows:
Research --> Observe --> Synthesize --> Realize --> Prototype --> Measure and Evaluate
Three lens of Human-Centered Design mentioned in class include: (i). Desirability (ii). Feasibility (iii). Viability
Guest Speaker: Dr. Owen Samuels, Director of Neurointensive Care, Emory Healthcare on the redesign of the Emory NeuroICU
Dr. Samuels talked about the ICU designed by Dr. Craig Zimring and the different stresses and benefits of building the unit.
Site visit to Piedmont ICU. Met with Pat Black (Director of Nursing)
VIP Open House - A chance to show off project work and get some feedback.