Universal Room

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Problem Definition

PROBLEM There is insufficient lighting in the emergency room, and it affects both the patient and physician & nurse.
1. Patient: stale atmosphere and unwelcoming environment could affect healing process due to psycho-physiological effects.
2. Physician & nurse: poor quality lighting prevents accurate vision could lead to poor treatment & extended time spent on procedure.


PROJECT GOALS To improve lighting in the emergency room for both the patient and healthcare staff through:

1. Incorporate mood lighting into the room with user control interface
• Patient will have a sense of control over their environment
• Many research studies have shown strong effects of color on the psychosis of people
• Create a welcoming, healing environment for patients and their families
Colors & lights would also serve as positive distraction


2. Provide healthcare staff with quality focal lighting to improve vision during procedures and treatment
• Enable user for quick & easy control
• Light system prevents shadows and maintains accurate perception in visual field
• Light system strategically located to provide quality light for different specialized procedures


Both goals should produce economically cost-effective solutions. The proposed lighting system should be relatively affordable while incurring higher magnitude in benefits.


The lighting technology considered for this project is using LED lights

Multicolor LED lights.jpg

Mood light panels.jpg
Mood Light Panels

Multicolor wall.jpg

Projected Schedule

10/21 & 10/23: Refinement of project proposal

10/28 & 10/30: Design proposal presentation & budget sheet

11/4 & 11/6: Work on project

11/11 & 11/13: Work on project

11/18 & 11/20: Mid Full (80%) working project for review

11/25 & 11/27: Dress Rehearsal, project brochure printed, poster printed

12/2 & 12/4: Final presentations (VIP & Public Open House)

12/9 & 12/11: Submit final documentation


Work Progress

October 7: Brainstormed Ideas/Thoughts
Media:Outline.doc

October 9: Powerpoint Presentation
Media:Universal Room.ppt

October 21: Literature Search
Media:10.21.08 Update.doc

October 25: 'Lighting' literature search and thoughts
Media:10.25.08 Update.doc

October 28: Powerpoint Presentation
Media:Lighting in Emergency Room.ppt

November 5: Places to visit, Supplies identified
Media: 110509 Update.doc

Design Considerations

• Level of acuity. What acuity level will patients housed in the room have? Will there be multiple levels of acuity?

• Specialties. Will the room & unit be flexible or designed for a specific medical specialty?

• Model of clinical care. What is the nurse-to-patient ratio and how will it be implemented? Will clinical care on the unit be centralized or decentralized? What would increase staff productivity and satisfaction?

• Supply distribution model. How and where will medical supplies and pharmaceuticals be distributed, stored, and tracked, and by whom?

• Visibility versus privacy. How much do clinical staff need to visualize the patient? How important is patient & family privacy to the population served?

• Safety. To what lengths will the rooms be designed to increase patient safety? What features can be instituted to reduce staff errors?

• Patient & family amenities. What are the most attractive amenities for patients and families that will increase comfort, healing, and satisfaction?


Figures and Diagrams

Gallant D., and Lanning K. Streamlining Patient Care Processes through Flexible Room and Equipment Design. Planning and Design. Critical Care Nursing. 2001; 24(3):59-76.

Patient care related activities.jpg Patient care related activities

Care-activity zone in patient room.jpg Care-activity zone in patient room

Research & bReferences

LED mood lighting http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZP7fWP_bJE0&feature=related

modern lighting – lightology (Morpheus) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uu7p9vcBFMc&feature=related

Hi Tech Productions Mood Lighting for Dinner & Cocktails http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AMVIBeJWem0&feature=related hitechproductions.ca – a business that uses light/music

some cool interior design ideas http://www.invitinghome.com/home_lighting/lighting-mood.htm

room colors and how it affects your mood http://freshome.com/2007/04/17/room-color-and-how-it-affects-your-mood/

center for environmental therapeutics http://www.cet.org/

mood lighting http://freshome.com/2008/10/09/mood-lighting-for-an-emotional-bathing-experience/

mood light products http://www.earthtechproducts.com/mood-light.html
http://www.smarthomes.ie/products/moodlighting.asp
http://ledneonlight.com/index.php?chapter=0&id=8&main_page=page

COLOR KINETICS light technology http://www.colorkinetics.com/ls/rgb/

tons of pretty pics showing lights effects http://www.visionarysoundproductions.com/pictures.html
http://www.magicmike.com/lighting.html

mood light panel http://www.lamplust.com/product_info.php?products_id=65
http://www.lamplust.com/lights/moodlight.htm?gclid=COHg4f_9w5YCFQITswodoGY_xw
http://www.nextag.com/mood-light-panel/search-html
http://www.opulentitems.com/Mood-Light-Panels-Remote-Controlled_p_44-577.html

good article about LED lights http://www.livescience.com/technology/051214_electronic_walls.html
http://www.pcmag.com/encyclopedia_term/0,2542,t=LED&i=46014,00.asp

room lights may boost health http://www.livescience.com/technology/050829_ap_lighting_health.html

10 ways to run the 21st century http://www.livescience.com/environment/top10_power_21stcentury-1.html

electrical schematic of LED lights http://solorb.com/elect/solarcirc/ledlamp/index.html
http://www.electronics-lab.com/projects/games/005/index.html

Brown, K.K. The Universal Bed Care Delivery Model. Patient Safety and Quality Healthcare. Accessed from http://www.psqh.com/marapr07/caredelivery.html

Brown, K.K., and Gallant D. Impacting Patient Outcomes Through Design: Acuity Adaptable Care/Universal Room Design. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 2006; 29(4):326-41.

Saba, J.L, and Bardwell, P.L. Universal Design Concepts in the Emergency Department. J. Ambulatory Care Manage. 2004; 27(3):224-36.

Gallant D., and Lanning K. Streamlining Patient Care Processes through Flexible Room and Equipment Design. Planning and Design. Critical Care Nursing. 2001; 24(3):59-76.

Hendrich, A. et al. Effects of Acuity-Adaptable Rooms on Flow of Patients and Delivery of Care. American Journal of Critical Care. 2004; 13(1):35-45

Hardy, J. The Mini-Hospital: Rethinking the Emergency Department. HealthcareDesign. Accessed from http://www.healthcaredesignmagazine.com/ME2/dirmod.asp?sid=&nm=&type=Publishing&mod=Publications%3A%3AArticle&mid=8F3A7027421841978F18BE895F87F791&tier=4&id=9263AD7537464F8CBB921734F136E478

Spohn, J. Imagining a Better Hospital Room. HealthcareDesign. Accessed from http://www.healthcaredesignmagazine.com/ME2/dirmod.asp?sid=&nm=&type=Publishing&mod=Publications%3A%3AArticle&mid=8F3A7027421841978F18BE895F87F791&tier=4&id=4AC91208152740299D7B28E31A739C27

Cahnman, S. Key Considerations in Patient Room Design, Part 1. HealthcareDesign. Accessed from http://www.healthcaredesignmagazine.com/ME2/dirmod.asp?sid=&nm=&type=Publishing&mod=Publications%3A%3AArticle&mid=8F3A7027421841978F18BE895F87F791&tier=4&id=21E17C4E6B314B66819324CC0C525D4E

Hardy, J. ‘No hidden patient’ HealthcareDesign. Accessed from http://www.healthcaredesignmagazine.com/ME2/dirmod.asp?sid=&nm=&type=Publishing&mod=Publications%3A%3AArticle&mid=8F3A7027421841978F18BE895F87F791&tier=4&id=CC870A0EB67C4A50A3B2224CF502EC7C

Rawlings, S. and White, D. Beyond the universal patient room. HealtcareDesign. Accessed from http://www.healthcaredesignmagazine.com/ME2/dirmod.asp?sid=&nm=&type=Publishing&mod=Publications%3A%3AArticle&mid=8F3A7027421841978F18BE895F87F791&tier=4&id=62BADF96EC3F46FBB82B4F1ED94B93ED